The knee pain can be caused by an old injury or other pressure on the knee joint. Knee pain itself is very common, apart from injury factors, increasing age and obesity can also increase a person’s risk factors for knee pain. Knee pain occurs when the cartilage that cushions the knee joint begins to wear down. Knee pain is usually more severe when the knee is moved. This condition can make it difficult for people with knee pain to stand up because the knee becomes unstable and unable to support the body.
Knee Pain Symptoms
If your knee hurts, is swollen, or you hear a “click” sound, these are some of the symptoms of knee pain. The pain can come on suddenly usually caused by an injuryor come on gradually and get worse over time so it is advised to use knee pillows regularly. The severity of knee pain varies depending on the cause.
Some symptoms that can accompany knee pain are:
- Knee feels stiff
- Knee looks red, swollen, and feels warm
- Knee feels weak, unstable, and difficult to straighten
- Knees crackling sound
Knee pain is usually more severe when the knee is moved. This condition can make it difficult for people with knee pain to stand up because the knee becomes unstable and unable to support the body.
Causes of knee pain
Knee injuries are one of the most common causes of knee pain. When the knee is injured, some of the tissues that make up the knee, such as cartilage or bone, can be damaged. Disorders of the tissue that make up the knee due to injury can include:
- A sprained ligament or tissue between the bones in the knee joint
- Knee ligament tear, for example from an anterior knee ligament injury
- torn cartilage
- Kneecap bone dislocation
- Fractures of the kneecap, femur, or shinbone
- Knee pain can also be a symptom of diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, osteoarthritis, gout, infections of the knee, cancer that spreads to the knee joint and Osgood-Schlatter disease.
The knee joint has a very important function in the body, especially in supporting the body’s weight. Because its function is quite heavy, the knee joint is prone to damage. Some things that can increase a person’s risk of injury or disease to the knee that cause knee pain areOverweight and obesity.
Knee Pain Treatment
After the specialist has finished making a diagnosis, then the right type of treatment can only be done. For knee pain, the following treatments may be recommended:
Medications aim to relieve knee pain and treat the cause of the pain. To relieve pain, doctors can give paracetamol or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Physiotherapy aims to train and strengthen the muscles around the knee so that the knee joint is more stable. If necessary, for example in patients with osteoarthritis, the doctor will recommend the use of knee support to relieve knee pain.
Prolonged knee pain must be treated immediately because it can cause complications. Knee pain becomes unstable so that friction occurs between the bones in the joint. This friction can cause damage to the cartilage of the knee joint and if it persists it can cause osteoarthritis.